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Lies at the core of the States v. Student Debt Relief case



The legal status of the suit was precarious from the start. In order for an individual to file a claim, they must generally prove that they have suffered or will suffer any direct harm, and to offer a remedy. IN Biden vs Nebraska Nebraska Solicitor General James Campbell, speaking on behalf of the states, sought to convince the judges that MOHELA was “government controlled”. Writing off student debt would cut MOHELA’s revenue by 40 percent, he said, preventing it from performing functions, including making payments to the Lewis and Clark Discovery Fund, a state fund for campus improvement.

Three liberal judges pointed out that MOHELA is in fact an independent organization. Even Conservative Judge Amy Coney Barrett noted that the case’s legal standing would have been stronger if MOHELA had existed on its own.

The huge surge in revenue predicted by MOHELA’s internal analysis comes as the company has more than tripled the number of customers it serves over the past few years. In July, MOHELA took over a federal contract with government loan forgiveness borrowers previously served outside of Pennsylvania. MOHELA had about 2.5 million unique borrowers in 2020, up to about 7.5 million by early 2023. What’s more, an internal analysis estimating huge post-debt returns was done before MOHELA purchased the additional tranche of accounts.

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One dose of HPV vaccine prevents infection for at least three years



A single dose of the human papillomavirus vaccine is very effective in preventing infections for up to three years and is likely to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and other diseases associated with the virus, according to a new study from Kenya.

A single-dose strategy would greatly expand vaccine supplies, reduce costs and simplify distribution, experts say, making vaccination a more viable option in resource-poor countries.

HPV is a sexually transmitted infection associated with cervical cancer and other malignancies. Health officials in many countries including the United Statesrecommend two doses of the vaccine for adolescent girls under 15 and three doses for those older.

But observational evidence has long shown that a single dose provides effective protection against HPV for at least a decade. The new results are the first confirmation of a gold standard clinical trial that one dose can be as effective as two or three doses for at least three years.

Direct comparison results between single-dose and two-dose regimens will not be available until 2025.

At least 24 countries, including Mexico, Tonga and Guyana, have switched to a single-dose approach, according to the World Health Organization.

New data may convince more countries to adopt this strategy.

“We predicted that it would be most interesting for low- and middle-income countries,” said Paul Bloom, WHO senior adviser on HPV vaccination programs. change their policies, he noted.

WHO estimates that if the single dose strategy is widely adopted can prevent 60 million cases of cervical cancer and 45 million deaths worldwide over the next 100 years.

Cervical cancer fourth most common cancer in women worldwideWHO estimates that there were 604,000 new cases in 2020. An estimated 342,000 women died from the disease in 2020, more than the number who died during pregnancy or childbirth.

“This is a real killer of women,” said the doctor. Seth Berkley, chief executive of Gavi, which funds immunization programs in low-income countries.

“It’s also a disease that really kills women in their prime,” he added, “and does it in a really horrific way.”

More than 95 percent of cervical cancers are caused by HPV, a sexually transmitted disease. Multiple strains of the virus predominate, but subtypes 16 and 18 are responsible for 70% of cervical cancers.

The HPV vaccine debuted in 2006 and is “a near-perfect preventive measure for cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers,” the doctor said. Ruanne Barnabas, director of infectious diseases at Massachusetts General Hospital, led the new study.

The Food and Drug Administration approved a vaccine the same year in the United States, and infections with cancer-causing viral strains have since been fell more than 80 percent in the country, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Still about 13000 Americans are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year; About 4,000 women die from this disease every year.

The damage from HPV is much greater in low- and middle-income countries, where women have limited access to cervical cancer screening or treatment. Approximately 90 percent of cervical cancer deaths in 2020 were among women living in countries with limited resources.

In Kenya, the vaccine is currently administered in two doses. But only 33 percent of girls aged 9 to 14 get the first dose, and only 16 percent return for a second. against, over 78 percent teenage girls in the US received at least one dose of the vaccine in 2021.

The single shot scheme is much easier to scale up and opens up more delivery channels such as village-wide campaigns and mobile clinics.

“This provides an opportunity to get creative with the delivery mechanism,” said the doctor. Peter Dall, head of HPV vaccine development at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which funded the study.

V KEN SHE study, researchers randomly assigned 2,275 Kenyan women aged 15 to 20 to receive a single dose of HPV vaccine targeting subtypes 16 and 18; an HPV vaccine targeting 16, 18 and seven other subtypes; or meningococcal vaccine as a control.

The scientists took cervical and vaginal swabs from the women every six months and looked for persistent HPV infection up to 36 months.

The study found that the vaccine was 98 percent effective against subtypes 16 and 18 of the virus over three years and 96 percent effective against all cancer-causing strains. No serious side effects were reported.

Earlier results of the study, published last yearshowed that a single dose of both vaccines was highly effective for 18 months.

Based in part on this evidence, last year the WHO changed its recommendation to one or two doses for girls and young women aged 9 to 20 years and two doses six months apart for women over 21 years of age.

Gavi-funded programs have only reached one-third of their target so far, due in part to a shortage of a vaccine. In 2022, about 20 million doses were available. Berkeley, but this number is expected to more than triple by 2025.

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2022 midterm turnout was second highest since 2000: NPR



Miami-Dade County Elections staff processes mail-in ballots for the November 2022 midterm elections in Miami.

Lynn Sladky/AP

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Lynn Sladky/AP

Miami-Dade County Elections staff processes mail-in ballots for the November 2022 midterm elections in Miami.

Lynn Sladky/AP

With 52.2% of adult U.S. citizens who voted for voters, voter turnout in last year’s election was the second-highest for a midterm election since 2000, according to the poll. Census Bureau estimates released Tuesday.

In the 2018 midterm elections – the first major national contest since the election of former President Donald Trump – turnout was slightly higher than last year’s races.

The 2022 midterm elections also saw an ongoing shift towards early and mail-in voting in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, as 49.8% of voters opted out of the more traditional way of voting in person on the last day of voting.

Estimates are from the bureau’s ongoing public survey, which tested about 50,000 households in November 2022 after voting ended in last year’s midterm elections.

Other key takeaways from the 2022 midterm elections include:

  • The voter registration rate of 69.1% of U.S. citizens aged 18 or over was the highest for a midterm race in at least two decades.
  • More registered non-voters reported that they “forgot to vote” in last year’s elections than in the 2018 midterms (up 2.2 percentage points). However, the most common reason for not voting last year was “Too busy, conflicting work or school schedule” (26.5% of registered non-voters), followed by “Not interested, felt my vote would not matter” (17.6%). %) and “Illness or disability” (12.5%).
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, Asian American voters were the most likely to vote early or by mail, while black voters were the least likely. Black voters had the lowest mail-in voting rate of any group, at 20.7%.

Previous round of bureau survey previously found that 2020 had the highest voter turnout this century, with 66.8% of U.S. adults voting in that presidential election year, despite headwinds in the early months of the pandemic. COVID has forced many states and local communities to expand access to mail and early voting.

Edited Benjamin Swasey

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Comment section Trolls are taking over the Republican Party



Here’s the dilemma for GOP candidates: they have to win over a crowd that’s having a conversation that the rest of the country can’t join.

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